Domestic versus international determinantes of European business cycles: A GVAR Approach

Vol: 
28/2013
Author name: 
Boschi M
Marzo M
Salotti S
Year: 
2013
Month: 
May
Abstract: 

We investigate the sources of macroeconomic (output and inflation) variability in selected European countries within and outside the European Monetary Union: Germany, Italy, Austria, the UK and Poland. Using quarterly data from 1985:1 to 2005:4, we estimate a Global Vector Autoregressive (GVAR) model that includes fifteen countries and regions, covering more than 90 per cent of the World GDP.We find that domestic factors explain most of the macroeconomic variability over the short horizon, i.e. from zero to four quarters, but become progressively dominated by international ones at larger horizons. Regional factors appear to be particularly important. As for output, we detect no significant differences between countries currently members of the European Monetary Union and non-members. As for inflation, on the contrary, regional factors are more influential than those of the rest of the world for the EMU member countries, differently from non-members.

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