Gen-AI: Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Work

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Dr Augustus Panton, a CAMA PhD graduate, co-authored a paper with his IMF colleagues, ‘Gen-AI: Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Work’, which was cited by the White House in the 2024 Economic Report of the President. The Report brings economic evidence and data to bear on many of today’s most significant issues and questions in domestic and international economic policy. The cited paper discusses the effects of Artificial Intelligence on jobs.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to reshape the global economy, especially in the realm of labor markets. Advanced economies will experience the benefits and pitfalls of AI sooner than emerging market and developing economies, largely due to their employment structure focused on cognitive-intensive roles. There are some consistent patterns concerning AI exposure, with women and college-educated individuals more exposed but also better poised to reap AI benefits, and older workers potentially less able to adapt to the new technology. Labor income inequality may increase if the complementarity between AI and high-income workers is strong, while capital returns will increase wealth inequality. However, if productivity gains are sufficiently large, income levels could surge for most workers. In this evolving landscape, advanced economies and more developed emerging markets need to focus on upgrading regulatory frameworks and supporting labor reallocation, while safeguarding those adversely affected. Emerging market and developing economies should prioritize developing digital infrastructure and digital skills.

Updated:  22 April 2024/Responsible Officer:  Crawford Engagement/Page Contact:  CAMA admin